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Images of British Lichens

Chrysothrix candelaris (L.) J.R.Laundon

Thallus thin, leprose and granular-sorediate, sometimes diffuse, bright yellow; apothecia apparently unknown in Britain and rare elsewhere, minute, with orange but yellow-pruinose discs (Smith et al. (2009)). Widespread and generally common on tree bark, occasionally on sheltered faces of siliceous rocks (but then compare Psilolechia lucida).

Refs: Smith et al. (2009), 308; Purvis et al. (1992), 187; Dobson (2005), 124 (photo); Dobson (2011), 132 (photo); Allen (2007), 40 (photo); Whelan (2011), 69 (photo); van Haluwyn et al. (2009), 146-7 (photo); Wirth (1995), 1: 291 (photo); Wirth et al. (2004), 306 (photo); Wirth, Hauck & Schulz (2013), 1: 364 (photo), 365; van Herk & Aptroot (2004, 2013), 124-125 (photo); Moberg & Holmåson (1984), 220 (photo, as Lepraria candelaris); Stenroos et al. (2011), 108 (photo); Valcárcel et al. (2003), 152-3 (photo); Puntillo (1996), plate 12 (photo); Brodo et al. (2001), 223 (photo).

Candelariella reflexa can also form yellow sheets on trees, but it is more coarsely granular to minutely squamulose. Orange sheets on trees will usually be seen to be minutely filamentous under a lens and will most likely prove to be a species of the algal genus Trentepohlia. Caloplaca chrysodeta is a more mustard yellow and is primarily a species of shaded, calcareous rocks and walls.


Chrysothrix candelaris
Taymouth, Perthshire, April 2002

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Uploaded March 2008, last updated January 2016 (first hosted at, January 2003)