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Cladonia ramulosa (With.) J.R.Laundon


Podetia green-brown, ash-grey when dry, extremely variable in appearance, often terminating in numerous, short, erect branches or in irregular or asymetric cups with margins proliferating into branched, finger-like extensions, or cups more regular in overall shape but deeply cut into radiating segments, surface variably clothed with small warts and granules, often very patchily corticate, and sometimes also with sparse to dense small squamules, soredia absent or sparse; basal squamules small, incised; apothecia commonly present, pink- to red-brown when fresh, often ring-like, on tips of branches and proliferations. Widespread in degraded, peaty habitats, on rotting wood and in Cladonia heath on gravels, sands and coastal dunes, but often mixed with other species.

Refs: Smith et al. (2009), 334; Purvis et al. (1992), 206; Nordic Lichen Flora (2013) 5: 68, 105 (photo); Dobson (2005), 143 (photo); Dobson (2011), 150 (photo); Whelan (2011), 78 (photo); van Herk & Aptroot (2004, 2013), 154-155 (photo); Aptroot et al. (2011), 106-7 (photos); Stenroos et al. (2011), 163 (photo); Valcárcel et al. (2003), 168-9 (photo); Thomson (1967) 103, plate 11, figs. 57a,b (photos, as C. pityrea); Hinds & Hinds (2007), 201 (photo); Lichen Atlas of the British Isles 2: 359 (1996).

FGBI: http://fungi.myspecies.info/all-fungi/cladonia-ramulosa

Cladonia ramulosa
Cladonia ramulosa
Cladonia ramulosa
In sandy heathland, Thetford Warren, Norfolk, February 2010. Material water-soaked after heavy rain.
 
Cladonia ramulosa
In heathy, coastal dunes, Winterton-on-Sea, Norfolk, February 2010


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