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Flavoparmelia soredians (Nyl.) Hale
 
(= Parmelia soredians Nyl.)


Very similar to F. caperata but with somewhat smaller lobes, which are more adpressed to the substrate surface, soralia said not to be so distinctly pustular when young, confirmed by the bright yellow to red reaction with KOH (dirty yellow in F. caperata). On trees and rocks, predominantly southern and coastal, but becoming more common inland in urban areas.

Refs: Smith et al. (2009), 404; Purvis et al. (1992), 429 (as Parmelia soredians); Dobson (2005), 175 (photo); Dobson (2011), 181 (photo); Whelan (2011), 96 (photo); van Haluwyn et al. (2009), 106-7 (photo); van Herk & Aptroot (2004, 2013), 182-183 (photo); Nordic Lichen Flora (2011) 4: 54, 155 (photo); Wirth et al. (2004), 102 (photo, as Parmelia); Wirth, Hauck & Schulz (2013), 1: 481 (photo), 2: 806; Frahm et al. (2010), 104-5 (photo); Lichen Atlas of the British Isles 1: 1018 (1995) (as Parmelia).

FGBI: http://fungi.myspecies.info/all-fungi/flavoparmelia-soredians

 
Flavoparmelia soredians
On coastal rocks, Skomer, Pembrokeshire, May 2009
 
Flavoparmelia soredians, K+ red
On trunk in urban park, showing K+ yellow to red reaction, Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, May 2009


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Uploaded July 2009, last updated January 2016