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Images of British Lichens

Lichina confinis (Müller) C.Agardh

Thallus in compact tufts to 5mm in height, fruticose, gelatinous, branches not flattened; apothecia spherical, on the tips of the branches. On rocky shores, especially in the north and west, typically from just below high water mark to the splash zone just above high water mark.

Refs: Smith et al. (2009), 556; Purvis et al. (1992), 360; Dobson (2005), 252 (photo); Dobson (2011), 258-9 (photo); Jahns (1983), 234-235 (photo); Whelan (2011), 111 (photo); Nordic Lichen Flora (2007) 3: 60, 187 (photo); Moberg & Holmåson (1984), 168 (photo); Holien & Tønsberg (2008), 205 (photo); Valcárcel et al. (2003), 242-3 (photo);Puntillo (1996), plate 23 (photo).

Lichina confinis
Lichina confinis
Lichina confinis, close view
On maritime rocks near high water mark, Millport, Great Cumbrae, April 2010
Lichina confinis
Dried state, on maritime rocks near high water mark, Arbroath, Angus, April 2002
Lichina confinis photobiont: Calothrix or Dichothrix
Squash from above colony, showing cells of the cyanobacterial photobiont: Calothrix or Dichothrix

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© A.J. Silverside
Uploaded March 2008, last updated August 2013 (first hosted at, January 2003)